Writing a good essay or dissertation entails much more than the technical aspects of academic writing. It also means being very aware of language and knowing how to use it to your best advantage. This page provides simple tips for cleaner, clearer writing, and is updated regularly. These tips will improve your writing skills considerably.
What is proofreading – and why is it so important?
Proofreading means searching for basic mistakes in a text. These mistakes include grammar errors, punctuation mistakes and typos (spelling mistakes). Although these mistakes are relatively minor, when there are many of them it makes for a difficult and even annoying read. Therefore, the more these weaknesses are eliminated, the stronger the writing becomes. Proofreading a paper before you submit it can mean the difference between a blatantly inadequate effort and one that will get you a grade to be proud of. It means making what you have written clearer and more readable, and a far more pleasant experience for the reader. In short, proofreading is the final polish that will make your writing shine.
Don’t wait for inspiration
When it comes to writing, there is a widely held myth about inspiration. It goes something like this: wait till the mood hits, until that mysterious something outside yourself kicks in. The American writer Jack London offered some very good advice about such combination of procrastination and wishful thinking: ‘You can’t wait for inspiration. You have to go after it with a club.’
So when you’re writing something, whether it be a thesis or a piece of business writing, a college essay or a press release, don’t ever wait for inspiration; it is out there, waiting for you.
Be active, not passive
As reality increasingly resembles his fictional vision, George Orwell is more topical than ever. Orwell’s novel 1984 predicted an all-watching, all-seeing authority that was aware of our every move. But with the advent of surveillance capitalism, it is not so much Big Brother but Big Data that we need to be wary of, given how tech giants have access to our most intimate secrets. From the websites we visit to the apps we use, what we say in our emails and instant messages to what we buy online, sometimes it seems as if we are uploading our very souls.
Orwell is less famous for Politics and the English language, his treatise on writing. According to Orwell, “Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble. If one gets rid of these habits one can think more clearly.” Orwell memorably describes bad writing, poorly constructed sentences, stale imagery and lack of precision as “avoidable ugliness.”
For the sake of better writing, one of the things he advises is: “Never use the passive voice where you can use the active.” Why write, for example, “the writing services were provided by me” when instead you can simply write: “I provided the writing services”? So make sure to opt for cleaner, clearer sentences by being active rather than passive.
Choose simple words in academic writing
One of the most common tendencies in academic writing is to use words or phrases that seem formal and impressively smart, but just end up confusing the reader. High-maintenance words and expressions do not make you sound smarter, just boring and pretentious.
They also cost you more money when you hire a professional who provides writing services to ‘proofread’ what you have written, and (s)he has to spend a lot of time rewriting most of it to make it more readable.
Good writing is simple writing. So opt for short words instead of long, and more familiar words to more formal ones. For example, avoid using expressions such as “applicable” when you can just say ‘relevant.” Forget using “at the present moment” when you can simply use “now” or “currently.” And don’t bother with “supplementary” when you can use “extra” instead.
Go with the flow
It is easy to become so fixated on writing your project that you constantly interrupt the flow to check that everything you have written in the previous few sentences is word perfect. This can be not only an exhausting endeavour, but also one that is self-defeating. There are two impulses when writing: the creative impulse and the critical one. The writing effort is a perpetual tug-of-war between these two voices, and creativity and self-criticism can often clash.
The trick when writing is to let it flow, ignoring the loud background noises of hesitation and self-doubt. It will make your writing far less difficult to do. When you’re on a roll, keep the momentum going. You can always go back at a later date to iron out the creases. In the meantime, just go with the flow!
Read it aloud
Before you consider giving up on what you are writing and turning instead to an essay writing service, think again – because there is a lot you can do to improve what you have written. One useful way to get a much clearer perspective on your assignment is to read it out loud. The reason is that the brain processes sound in a very different way to how it does words. Reading something aloud is therefore a formidable proofreading technique that gives you a fresh pair of eyes–even if you cringe a little as you hear what you have written.
Reading it aloud enables you to quickly focus on aspects of what you have written such as spelling mistakes, essay structure, issues regarding sequence, overly long sentences, and the need for better development of your ideas. Read it slowly aloud, and pay attention to the words. Take short but specific notes so that you can go back later and make whatever changes you have noticed are necessary. You will see a radical improvement on your previous draft. And you are likely to conclude that you do not need the services of an essay writer at all!
Be wary of essay writing services
The academic field is awash with scammers and incompetents who will promise you the world and deliver you little or nothing in return – apart from a hole in your finances. There have been many instances of people being relieved of their hard-earned cash, in some cases to the tune of several thousand euro, by individuals claiming to be experts in writing college essays, theses and research proposals.
In one case, a man with a PhD persuaded a lady to let him write her thesis in full. Assuming he knew what he was doing doe to his apparent academic prowess, she paid him €3,000. However, just because someone has such a qualification does not necessarily mean they can actually write…
After the lady submitted the completed thesis, she was shocked by the result – it failed. Not only had the eccentric academic cut-and-pasted (i.e. plagiarised) large amounts of academic texts; he had even incorporated his own personal theories into the thesis. In short, what he wrote was rubbish, albeit expensive rubbish…
If you decide to pay for such a service, first be aware that it is against University regulations. If that does not deter you, then proceed with caution. If you are required to pay money upfront, keep the sum as low as possible, at least until you see exactly what you are getting for your money. After that, if everything looks fine, submit it to your supervisor for an early assessment. Then, if it gets the thumbs-up, repeat the process, but continue to pay only in small instalments.